India is the seventh-largest country and the second-most populous in the world. Following market-based reforms it has become a "newly industrialised country."
The newly formed Republic of India was one of first nations to end the State of War with Germany after World War II and did not claim war reparations from Germany although 24,000 soldiers serving in the British Indian Army died in the campaign to fight Nazi Germany. India maintained diplomatic relations with both West Germany and East Germany and supported their reunification in 1990.
The "love jihad" conspiracy theory supposedly involves Muslim men forcing women to convert through marriage. Critics have said the legislation has been created to disparage Muslims and provoke further religious tensions.
Although India is fulfilling its climate goals, its efforts still fall short of the Paris Agreement's long-term goal of limiting global warming by 1.5 degrees Celsius, according to the 2020 Climate Transparency report.